Education

Johnstown Area Heritage Association
Teachers' Guide

Tools for Planning

Pennsylvania Academic Standards in JAHA Educational Material

Applicable Standards

Johnstown Flood Museum

Heritage Discovery Center

Wagner-Ritter House

Additional Johnstown Sites

Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
1.1.3A Identify the purposes and types of text (e.g., literature, information) before reading.                  

X

1.1.3F Understand the meaning of and use correctly new vocabulary learned in various subject areas.                  
X
1.1.5A Establish the purpose for reading a type of text (literature, information) before reading.                  
X
1.1.5F Identify and understand the meaning of and use correctly key vocabulary from various subject areas.                  

X

1.2.3A Read and understand essential content of informational texts and documents in all academic areas.                  

X

1.2.5A Read and understand essential content of informational texts and documents in all academic areas x x x x x x      

 

1.2.5B Use and understand a variety of media and evaluate the quality of material produced x x x     x      
1.2.5C Produce work in at least one literary genre that follows the conventions of the genre     x     x      
1.3.5C  Describe how the author used literary devices to convey meaning.     x     x      
1.3.8B  Analyze the use of literary elements by the author including characterization, plot, point of view, tone and style.     x     x      
1.4.5B Write multi-paragraph informational pieces (e.g., essays, descriptions, letters, reports, instructions)   x x   x        
1.6.3A Listen to others                  
X
1.6.3D Contribute to conversations.                  
X
1.6.3E Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations.                  

X

1.6.5A  Listen to others (ask pertinent questions, take notes when prompted). x x x x x x      
X
1.6.5D Contribute to discussions x x x x x x      
X
1.6.5E Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations x x x x x x      

X

1.6.5F  Use media for learning purposes. x x x x x x      
1.6.8D Contribute to discussions x x x x x x      
1.6.8E Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations x x x x x x      
1.8.5B Locate information, using appropriate sources and strategies x x x x x x      
1.8.8B Locate information using appropriate sources and strategies x x x x x x      

Mathematics

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
2.1.3B Use whole numbers and fractions to represent quantities.                  
X
2.1.3J Estimate, approximate, round or use exact numbers as appropriate.                  
X
2.1.5C Demonstrate that mathematical operations can represent a variety of problem situations.                  

X

2.2.3A Apply addition and subtraction in everyday situations using concrete objects.                  

X

2.2.3E Use estimation skills to arrive at conclusions.                  
X
2.2.3F Determine the reasonableness of calculated answers.                  
X
2.2.5A Create and solve word problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers.                  

X

2.2.5B Develop and apply algorithms to solve word problems that involve addition, subtraction, and/or multiplication with decimals with and without regrouping.                  

X

2.2.5C Develop and apply algorithms to solve word problems that involve addition, subtraction, and/or multiplication with fractions and mixed numbers that include like and unlike denominators.                  

X

2.2.5I Select a method of computation and explain why it is appropriate.                  
X
2.3.3A Compare measurable characteristics of different objects on the same dimensions.                  

X

2.3.3G Estimate and verify measurements.                  
X
2.3.5A Select and use appropriate instruments and units for measuring quantities.                  

X

2.3.5B Select and use standard tools to measure the size of figures with specified accuracy, including length, width, perimeter and area.                  

X

2.3.5C Estimate, refine and verify specified measurements of objects.                  

X

2.4.3B Use measurements in everyday situations.                  

X

2.5.3A Use appropriate problem-solving strategies.                  

X

2.5.3B Determine when sufficient information is present to solve a problem and explain how to solve a problem.                  

X

2.5.5A Develop a plan to analyze a problem, identify the information needed to solve the problem, carry out the plan, check whether an answer makes sense and explain how the problem was solved.                  

X

2.5.5E Select, use and justify methods, materials and strategies used to solve problems.                  

X

2.6.5A  Organize, display and understand data using pictures, tallies, tables, charts, bar graphs and circle graphs.           x      
2.6.5E Construct and defend simple conclusions based on data       x          
2.7.3A Predict and measure the likelihood of events and recognize that the results of an experiment may not match predicted outcomes.                  

X

2.7.3C List or graph the possible results of an experiment.                  
X
2.7.3D Analyze data using the concepts of largest, smallest, most often, least often and middle.                  

X

2.8.5A  Recognize, reproduce, extend, create and describe patterns and relationships verbally, numerically, symbolically, and graphically using a variety of materials.          

x

     
2.8.5F  Describe a realistic situation using information given in tables and graphs.           x      
2.9.3A Name and label geometric shapes in two and three dimensions.                  
X
2.9.3D Find and describe geometric figures in real life.                  
X
2.10.3A Identify right angles in the environment.                  
X
2.11.3A Identify whole number quantities and measurements from least to most and greatest value.                  

X

2.11.5A Make comparisons of numbers.                  
X

Science & Technology

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
3.1.4B Know models as useful simplifications of objects or processes.                  
X
3.1.4D Know that scale is an important attribute of natural and human made objects, events and phenomena.                  
X
3.1.7B Describe the use of models as an application of scientific or technological aspects.                  
X
3.1.7D Explain scale as a way of relating concepts and ideas to one another by some measure.                  
X
3.2.4A Identify and use the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.                  
X
3.2.4C Recognize and use the elements of scientific inquiry to solve problems.                  
X
3.2.7A Explain and apply scientific and technological knowledge.                  
X
3.2.7B Apply process knowledge to make and interpret observations.                  
X
3.2.7C Identify and use the elements of scientific inquiry to solve problems.                  
X

Environment & Ecology

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
4.1.7B Understand the role of the watershed x                
4.1.7E Describe the impact of watersheds and wetlands on people x                
4.3.4C Understand that the elements of natural systems are interdependent.                  
X
4.3.7B Describe how human actions affect the health of the environment x                
4.6.4A Understand that living things are dependent on nonliving things in the environment for survival.                  

X

4.8.7A Describe how the development of civilization relates to the environment x                
4.8.7B Explain how people use natural resources x                
4.8.7C Explain how human activities may affect local, regional and national environments x                
Civics & Government Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
5.1.6A Explain the purpose of government.
  x              
5.1.6B Explain the importance of the rule of law for the protection of individual rights and the common good of the community...
  x              
5.1.6J Describe how the government protects individual and property rights and promotes the common good.
  x              
5.3.6A Compare the structure, organization and operation of local, state, and national governments.
  x              

Economics

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
6.1.6B Explain the three basic questions that all economic systems attempt to answer
  x     x        
6.2.6C  Explain the function of money and its use in society.           x      
6.2.6E  Explain how the interaction of buyers and sellers determines prices and quality exchange.           x      
6.2.6I Identify and describe public goods
  x     x x      
6.3.6A Explain how scarcity influences choices and behaviors   x   x x x      
6.3.6C  Describe the natural, human and capital resources used to produce a specific good or service.           x      
6.3.6D Explain the costs and benefits of an economic decision       x x        
6.3.6E Define opportunity cost and describe the opportunity cost of a personal choice       x   x      
6.3.6F Explain how negative and positive incentives affect choices       x x x      
6.4.6A  Explain the advantages and disadvantages of specialization and division of labor.           x      
6.4.6D  Explain how the location of resources, transportation, and communications networks and technology have affected Pennsylvania economic patterns.           x      
6.4.6G  Describe geographic patterns of economic activity in Pennsylvania.           x      
6.5.6A  Recognize that the availability of goods and services is the result of work by members of society.           x      
6.5.6B  Explain the concept of labor productivity.           x      
6.5.6C  Compare the number of employees at difference businesses.           x      
6.5.6D  Explain how profits and loss work as incentives.           x      

Geography

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
7.1.6A Describe geographic tools and their uses x x x   x        
7.3.6A Describe the human characteristics of places and regions by their popular characteristics       x x        
7.3.6B Describe the human characteristics of places and regions by their cultural characteristics       x x        
7.3.6C Describe the human characteristics of places and regions by their settlement characteristics       x x        
7.3.6D Describe the human characteristics of places and regions by their economic activities       x x        

History

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
8.1.3A Understand chronological thinking and distinguish between past, present and future time.                  

X

8.1.3B Develop an understanding of historical sources.                  
X
8.1.6A Understand chronological thinking and distinguish between past, present and future time x x x x x x      
X
8.1.6B Explain and analyze historical sources x x x x x x      
X
8.1.6C Explain the fundamentals of historical interpretation x x x x x x      
8.1.6D Describe and explain historical research x x x x x x      
8.1.9A Analyze chronological thinking.
x x x x x x      
8.1.9B Analyze and interpret historical sources.
x x x x x x      
8.1.9C Analyze the fundamentals of
historical interpretation.
x x x x x x      
8.1.9D Analyze and interpret historical research.
x x x x x x      
8.2.3C Identify and describe how continuity and change have influenced Pennsylvania history.                  
X
8.2.6A  Identify and explain the political and cultural contributions of individuals and groups in PA history from Beginnings to 1824.           x      
8.2.6B Identify and explain primary documents, material artifacts and historic sites important in PA history from Beginnings to 1824 x   x x x x      
8.2.6C Identify and explain how continuity and change have influenced PA history from the Beginnings to 1824       x x x      

 

X

8.2.6D Identify and explain conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in PA history from Beginnings to 1824       x x x      
8.2.9 A Analyze the political and cultural contributions of individuals and groups to Pennsylvania history from 1787 to 1914
x x x x   x      
8.2.9B Identify and analyze primary documents, material artifacts and historic sites important in Pennsylvania history from 1787 to 1914.
x x x x x x      
8.2.9C Identify and analyze how continuity and change have influenced Pennsylvania history from 1787 to 1914.
x x x x x x      
8.2.9D Identify and analyze conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in Pennsylvania history from 1787 to 1914.
      x x x      
8.3.6A Identify and explain the political and cultural contributions of individuals and groups in US history from Beginnings to 1824.           x      
8.3.6B Identify and explain primary documents, material artifacts, and historic sites important in United States history from Beginnings to 1824       x x x      
8.3.6C Explain how continuity and change has influenced United States history from Beginnings to 1824       x   x      
8.3.6D Identify and explain conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in United States history from Beginnings to 1824       x   x      
8.3.9A  Identify and analyze the political and cultural contributions of individuals and groups in US history from 1787 to 1914.           x      
8.3.9B  Identify and analyze primary documents, material artifacts and historic sites important to US history from 1787 to 1914.           x      
8.3.9C Analyze how continuity and change has influenced United States history from 1787 to 1914.
x x x x   x      
8.3.9D Identify and analyze conflict and cooperation among social groups and organizations in United States history from 1787 to 1914.
      x x x      

Arts & Humanities

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
9.1A Know and use the elements and principles of each art form to create works of the arts and humanities.                  
X
9.1B Recognize, know, use and demonstrate a variety of appropriate arts elements and principles to produce, review and revise original works in the arts.                  
X
9.2A Explain the historical, cultural and social context of an individual work in the arts.                  
X
9.2D Analyze a work of art from its historical and cultural perspective.                  
X
9.3.3A Recognize critical processes used in the examination of works in the arts and humanities.                  
X
9.3.5A Identify critical processes in the examination of works in the arts and humanities.                  
X

Health, Safety and Physical Education

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
10.4.3A Identify and engage in physical activities that promote physical fitness and health.                  
X
10.4.6A Identify and engage in moderate to vigorous physical activities that contribute to physical fitness and health.                  
X
10.5.3A Recognize and use basic movement skills and concepts.                  
X

Family & Consumer Science

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
11.2.6C Classify the components of effective teamwork and leadership.
  x     x x      
11.2.6F  Compare and contrast how different cultures meet family responsibilities within differing configurations.         x x      

Career Education and Work

Recipe for Disaster Rebuild or Move On? Telling the Story Push and Pull Making a Life Making a Living Neighbor- hoods Worlds Apart Women's Work: Real vs. Ideal Kid's Cambria
Inclined Plane
13.1.5A  Describe the impact of individual interests and abilities on career choices.           x      
13.1.5B  Describe the impact of personal interest and abilities on career choice.           x      
13.1.5E  Describe the factors that influence career choice, such as but not limited to: geographic location, job description, salary, work schedule and working conditions.           x      
13.1.5F  Investigate people's rationale for making career choices.           x      
13.1.8A  Relate careers to individual interests, abilities and aptitudes.           x      
13.1.8B  Relate careers to personal interests, abilities and aptitudes.           x      
13.1.8E  Analyze the economic factors that impact employment opportunities, such as but not limited to: competition, geographic location, job growth, labor supply, and job openings.           x      
13.3.8A  Determine attitudes and work habits that support career retention and advancement.           x      
13.3.8B Analyze the role of each participant's contribution in a team setting.           x      
13.3.8C  Identify effective group interaction strategies, such as but not limited to: building consensus, communicating effectively, establishing rules and listening to others.           x      

 

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